Which of the following statements BEST describes one of the seven key principles of software testing?
Automated tests are better than manual tests for avoiding the Exhaustive Testing.
Exhaustive testing is, with sufficient effort and tool support, feasible for all software.
It is normally impossible to test all input / output combinations for a software system.
The purpose of testing is to demonstrate the absence of defects.
Which of the following statements is the MOST valid goal for a test team?
Determine whether enough component testing was executed
Cause as many failures as possible so that faults can be identified and corrected.
Prove that all faults are identified
Prove that any remaining faults will not cause any failures
Which of these tasks would you expect to perform during Test Analysis and Design?
Setting or defining test objectives.
Reviewing the test basis.
Creating test suites from test procedures.
Analyzing lessons learned for process improvement.
Below is a list of problems that can be observed during testing or operation. Which is MOST likely a failure?
The product crashed when the user selected an option in a dialog box.
One source code file included in the build was the wrong version.
The computation algorithm used the wrong input variables
The developer misinterpreted the requirement for the algorithm.
Which of the following, if observed in reviews and tests, would lead to problems (or conflict) within teams?
Testers and reviewers are not curious enough to find defects.
Testers and reviewers are not qualified enough to find failures and faults.
Testers and reviewers communicate defects as criticism against persons and not against the software product
Testers and reviewers expect that defects in the software product have already been found and fixed by the developers
Which of the following statements are TRUE? A. Software testing may be required to meet legal or contractual requirements. B. Software testing is mainly needed to improve the quality of the developer’s work. C. Rigorous testing and fixing of defects found
B and C are true; A and D are false.
A and D are true; B and C are false.
A and C are true, B and D are false.
C and D are true, A and B are false.
Which of the following statements BEST describes the difference between testing and debugging?
Testing pinpoints (identifies the source of) the defects. Debugging analyzes the faults and proposes prevention activities.
Dynamic testing shows failures caused by defects. Debugging finds, analyzes, and removes the causes of failures in the software.
Testing removes faults. Debugging identifies the causes of failures.
Dynamic testing prevents causes of failures. Debugging removes the failures
Which statement below BEST describes non-functional testing?
The process of testing an integrated system to verify that it meets specified requirements
The process of testing to determine the compliance of a system to coding standards.
Testing without reference to the internal structure of a system.
Testing system attributes, such as usability, reliability or maintainability
What is important to do when working with software development models?
To adapt the models to the context of project and product characteristics.
To choose the waterfall model because it is the first and best proven model.
To start with the V-model and then move to either iterative or incremental models.
To only change the organization to fit the model and not vice versa.
Which of the following characteristics of good testing apply to any software development life cycle model?
Acceptance testing is always the final test level to be applied
All test levels are planned and completed for each developed feature.
Testers are involved as soon as the first piece of code can be executed
For every development activity there is a corresponding testing activity
For which of the following would maintenance testing be used?
Correction of defects during the development phase.
Planned enhancements to an existing operational system.
Complaints about system quality during user acceptance testing.
Integrating functions during the development of a new system
Which of the following statements are TRUE?
A, C and D and E are true; B is false.
A, C and E are true; B and D are false.
C and D are true; A, B and E are false.
B and E are true; A, C and D are false.
Which of the following comparisons of component testing and system testing are TRUE?
Component testing verifies the functioning of software modules, program objects, and classes that are separately testable, whereas system testing verifies interfaces between components and interactions with different parts of the system.
Test cases for component testing are usually derived from component specifications, design specifications, or data models, whereas test cases for system testing are usually derived from requirement specifications, functional specifications or use cases.
Component testing focuses on functional characteristics, whereas system testing focuses on functional and non-functional characteristics.
Component testing is the responsibility of the technical testers, whereas system testing typically is the responsibility of the users of the system.
Which of the following are the main phases of a formal review?
Initiation, status, preparation, review meeting, rework, follow up.
Planning, preparation, review meeting, rework, closure, follow up.
Planning, kick off, individual preparation, review meeting, rework, follow up.
Preparation, review meeting, rework, closure, follow up, root cause analysis.
Which TWO of the review types below are the BEST fitted (most adequate) options to choose for reviewing safety critical components in a software project? Select 2 options
Which of the following statements about static analysis is FALSE?
Static analysis can be used as a preventive measure with appropriate process in place.
Static analysis can find defects that are not easily found by dynamic testing.
Static analysis can result in cost savings by finding defects early.
Static analysis is a good way to force failures into the software
One of the test goals for the project is to have 100% decision coverage. The following three tests have been executed for the control flow graph shown below. Test A covers path: A, B, D, E, G. Test B covers path: A, B, D, E, F, G. Test C covers path: A, C
Decision D has not been tested completely.
100% decision coverage has been achieved.
Decision E has not been tested completely.
Decision F has not been tested completely
What types of testing are mentioned below?
A, B and D.
A and C.
A, B and C.
A, C and D.
Which of the following statements about the given state table is TRUE?
The state table can be used to derive both valid and invalid transitions
The state table represents all possible single transitions
The state table represents only some of all possible single transitions
The state table represents sequential pairs of transitions.
Which of the following statements are true for the equivalence partitioning test technique?
A, B and E are true; C and D are false
A, C and D are true; B and E are false.
A and E are true; B, C and D are false.
A and B are true; C, D and E are false
Which TWO of the following solutions below lists techniques that can be categorized as Black Box design techniques? Select 2 options.
Equivalence Partitioning, decision tables, state transition, and boundary value.
Equivalence Partitioning, decision tables, use case.
Equivalence Partitioning, decision tables, checklist based, statement coverage, use case.
Equivalence Partitioning, cause-effect graph, checklist based, decision coverage, use case.
Equivalence Partitioning, cause-effect graph, checklist based, decision coverage and boundary value.
How many equivalence partitions are needed to test the calculation of the bonus?
Which of the following statements about the benefits of deriving test cases from use cases are most likely to be true?
A and D are true; B and C are false.
A is true; B, C and D are false
A and B are true; C and D are false.
C is true; A, B and D are false.
Which of the below would be the best basis for fault attack testing?
Experience, defect and failure data, knowledge about software failures
Risk analysis performed at the beginning of the project.
Use Cases derived from the business flows by domain experts.
Expected results from comparison with an existing system.
Which of the following would be the best test approach when there are poor specifications and time pressures?
Use Case Testing.
Which one of the following techniques is structure-based?
Boundary value analysis.
State transition testing.
You have started specification-based testing of a program. It calculates the greatest common divisor (GCD) of two integers (A and B) greater than zero.
Boundary value analysis.
State transition testing.
Decision table testing.
Consider the following state transition diagram and test case table: Which of the following statements are TRUE?
Only A is true; B, C and D are false.
Only B is true; A, C and D are false.
A and D are true; B, C are false
Only C is true; A, B and D are false.
Which of the following best describes the task partition between test manager and tester?
The test manager plans testing activities and chooses the standards to be followed, while the tester chooses the tools and controls to be used
The test manager plans, organizes and controls the testing activities, while the tester specifies, automates and executes tests.
The test manager plans, monitors and controls the testing activities, while the tester designs tests
The test manager plans and organizes the testing and specifies the test cases, while the tester prioritizes and executes the tests.
Which of the following can be categorized as product risks?
Low quality of requirements, design, code and tests
Political problems and delays in especially complex areas in the product.
Error-prone areas, potential harm to the user, poor product characteristics.
Problems in defining the right requirements, potential failure areas in the software or system.